bbc queen elizabeth

She was a prisoner. So was he right? Certainly, her reign had seen England prosper and become a major player in Europe. Elizabeth R is a 1992 television documentary film about Queen Elizabeth II.It was produced by the BBC and directed by Edward Mirzoeff.It was the first officially approved documentary about the British monarchy since Royal Family (1969). A year later Darnley himself was murdered, his residence in Edinburgh blown apart by an explosion. He had shown the Queen how much he adored her and, just as he had hoped, eclipsed everyone else. Ministers longed for the glory and prestige a visit from the Queen would bestow on them, and would decorate new residences in her honour. Were women fit to rule the country? But she was not allowed a lawyer and, attempting to defend herself, was not even permitted to consult her own papers. The question of how to govern Ireland had created terrible problems for the Queen over the years but 1594 saw the start of the Nine Years War in which hundreds of English troops were killed. She liked to surround herself with attractive people and her portraits were carefully vetted to make sure that no physical flaws were ever revealed. He altered the layout of his castle, building luxurious new apartments for the Queen and her huge entourage. Elizabeth I's spymaster Francis Walsingham. As the weeks passed, Elizabeth procrastinated. ...the Scots had had enough of Mary and, imprisoned at Lochleven Castle, she was forced to abdicate... From this point on, events spiralled out of control. Â. Whether or not the relationship was ever consummated remains open to speculation. Doesn't she? The country now looked to the young Queen … Most read in Royal. She was third in line to the throne. Only when the patience of her ministers was running short would she be forced to make up her mind. By pursuing a policy of moderation she was attempting to maintain the status quo and, although Puritans were particularly upset by the continuance of some Catholic traditions, an uneasy compromise was reached and maintained throughout her reign. She learnt how to turn the tide of opinion in her favour, and this became one of her most effective weapons. Though Charles is a focal point of the series, Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip's other three children make appearances, too. The monarch said she was reminded of her first radio broadcast, in 1940, when she and her sister Princess Margaret spoke to child evacuees In … The scene was one part of a 105-minute color documentary … Find out more about how the BBC is covering the. Elizabeth was a different kind of Queen: quick-witted, clever and able to use feminine wiles to get her own way. She was well aware that plots were being hatched against her and that she needed the undivided loyalty of those around her as protection. But her reluctance to marry was to become one of her biggest headaches. In 1568 one such problem presented itself to Elizabeth in the shape of Mary Queen of Scots. In 1568 Elizabeth's cousin, Mary, Queen of Scots - a Catholic with a strong claim to the English throne - sought exile in England. In 1553, Elizabeth's older half-sister Mary became queen. Now pregnant with Darnley's child she turned for support to her secretary, David Riccio. Here are some clips from the doc: Prince Philip and Queen Elizabeth II on a private jet. As the political landscape in Europe changed, the Queen knew that she would need room to manoeuvre. Elizabeth remained, however, fascinated by the Scottish Queen. Elizabeth, aged twenty-five, was now Queen of England. Francis II reigned for only a few months with Mary as his Queen and, when he died in 1560, Mary was left without a role. To Elizabeth, Mary was a fellow Queen. But her reluctance to marry was to become one of her biggest headaches and would cause her ministers, particularly the anxious Lord Burghley, sleepless nights. Alexandra Briscoe has a background in documentary programme-making. This was a big mistake. Looking remarkably like Queen Anne, Britannia wears a helmet, holds a trident, and rests her hand on a But what was Elizabeth really like? Always a popular monarch, and a brilliant public speaker, Elizabeth united the country against this common enemy. The Queen cut a "lonely figure" as she marked the centenary of the tomb of the unknown warrior. The new Book of Common Prayer was introduced, adapted from earlier Books used under the Protestant Edward VI. Elizabeth could be as ruthless and calculating as any King before her. Elizabeth was the daughter of King Henry VIII. She decided to return as Queen to Scotland, agreeing to recognise the Protestant Church as long as she could privately worship as a Catholic. Having already shown herself to be a poor judge of character, Mary now made the huge mistake of misjudging Elizabeth. Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary, born 21 April 1926) is Queen of the United Kingdom and 15 other Commonwealth realms.. Elizabeth was born in Mayfair, London, as the first child of the Duke and Duchess of York (later King George VI and Queen Elizabeth).Her father ascended the throne on the abdication of his brother King Edward VIII in 1936, from which time she was the heir presumptive. In 1548 the French King, Henry II, proposed that the young Mary would be an ideal wife for his son, Francis, the marriage forming a perfect alliance between the two countries at a time when England was attempting to exert control over Scotland. Problem solved. She is Assistant Producer on Simon Schama's A History of Britain, specialising in the reign of Elizabeth I for the programme entitled The Body of the Queen. Marriage was a political necessity and a way of forming a useful alliance with a European power. Elizabeth's ministers had to employ spies and even use torture to gain information about threats to her life. As she had feared, Catholic Europe reacted swiftly to the news and the Pope urged Philip of Spain to invade England. With Glenda Jackson, Ronald Hines, Robert Hardy, Stephen Murray. Read about our approach to external linking. David Dimbleby remarked on the "lonely" Queen as he presented the Remembrance Sunday service on the BBC. Leicester was an unknown quantity. The country now looked to the young Queen for salvation. Lady Jane Grey was Queen for only a matter of days before being toppled and eventually executed. He had the ear of the Queen and might poison her mind against them. The names and details were duly supplied by the plotters. Lords of the Council - numbering 150 - representatives from the Commonwealth, officials from the City of London - including the Lord Mayor - and other dignitaries witnessed the accession of the deceased king's eldest daughter this morning. Partly aided by bad weather, the English Navy defeated the Spanish Armada, with the help of Sir Francis Drake. However, in 1586 Walsingham uncovered the Babington plot which implicated Mary directly in a conspiracy to overthrow Elizabeth. Many Catholic plots centred on putting Mary on the English throne. The country now looked to the young Queen for salvation. Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II delivers her annual address in … She insisted that she was ‘married’ to her country. Mary's execution would be one of the factors contributing to the Spanish Armada the following year. Please consider upgrading your browser software or enabling style sheets (CSS) if you are able to do so. In later years Katherine Parr, Henry's sixth wife, took a keen interest in the young Elizabeth and made sure that she was educated to the highest standards. Elizabeth’s first priority on becoming Queen was to return England to the Protestant faith. Elizabeth, the last Tudor monarch, was born in Greenwich on 7 September 1533. But by now Elizabeth was nearly seventy. But problems remained. Fotheringhay So what influences had shaped the young Elizabeth? The main part of Hatfield House, built after the reign of Elizabeth I But when Elizabeth heard the bells pealing to celebrate the death of Mary Queen of Scots, she was horrified. As soon as her Council had been appointed, Elizabeth made religion her priority. Her presence in England could spark a Catholic uprising. She knew the political implications of remaining unmarried but effectively banned further discussion. As predicted, Mary quickly became the focus of plots to overthrow Elizabeth and return England to the Catholic faith. In 1568 Elizabeth's cousin, Mary, Queen of Scots - a Catholic with a strong claim to the English throne - sought exile in England. Their anxiety amused Elizabeth, and this gave her an excuse to exert her independence every now and then. Her death took a heavy toll on Elizabeth, one observer noting, 'I never knew her fetch a sigh, but when the Queen of Scots was beheaded.'. But the ability to address a large number of people, from ministers in Parliament to troops on the battlefield, stood Elizabeth in good stead for the future. But just how close was she to Leicester? More than 14 million viewers watched the Queen's message on BBC One, with about five million viewing it on ITV. Elizabeth chose an able set of administrators to aid her during her rule, including William Cecil, Lord Burghley as her Secretary of State and Sir Francis Walsingham, in charge of intelligence. Elizabeth's greatest achievement lay in the relationship she had forged with her people. For their part, the people were thrilled with their new Queen. It was a girl, Elizabeth. On the contrary she thrived on the adoration of her ministers and knew that flirtation was often the easiest way to get things done. Elizabeth helped create a Church of England that, although Protestant, allowed some of the old Catholic traditions to continue. The monarch’s pre-recorded address will be broadcast on the BBC … When Elizabeth Tudor comes to the throne, her (male) advisers know she has to marry. This returned England to the Protestant faith stating that public worship, religious books such as the Bible and prayers were to be conducted in English rather than Latin. Leicester, to whom she had remained close, died in 1588 and Elizabeth kept his last letter beside her bed until her own death. Some see Elizabeth’s 45 year reign as a golden age of English history. The people had lived through the unpopular reign of Mary I, known as 'Bloody Mary' for her merciless persecution of Protestants. In November 1558, after the death of Mary I, Elizabeth succeeded to the throne. But Walsingham had reckoned without the Queen's reluctance to sign the execution warrant. She didn't expect to be Queen. Elizabeth had often shied away from making difficult decisions and this had sown the seeds for future conflict, particularly in Ireland. A mysterious image of a coiled snake has appeared in a 16th century painting of Queen Elizabeth I, the National Portrait Gallery has said. She had a formidable intellect, and her sharp tongue would quickly settle any argument - in her favour. In 1569 the Northern Uprising failed when the Catholic Earls, marching southwards, discovered that Mary had quickly been moved from Tutbury to Coventry and their plans to rescue her were thwarted. Many Catholic plots centred on putting Mary on the English throne. Her ministers knew and Elizabeth certainly knew. In a famous speech to troops at Tilbury, she said: ‘I know I have the body of a weak, feeble woman; but I have the heart and stomach of a king - and of a King of England too.’. Elizabeth's reign also saw England significantly expand its trade overseas and in 1580 Sir Francis Drake became the first Englishman to successfully circumnavigate the earth. Thus starts a decades-long political/ matrimonial game, during an age of high passions and high achievement. Princess Beatrice, granddaughter of Queen Elizabeth II, has married her fiancé Edoardo Mapelli Mozzi in a small private ceremony in Windsor.. But the two Queens never met. Mary went to live at the French court and at the age of fifteen married Francis, heir to the French throne. She was ahead of her time in her grasp of public relations, and her popularity had remained undimmed. Mary's trial began on 15 October 1586 at Fotheringhay. The following year Philip II of Spain launched a great fleet of ships, known as the Spanish Armada, to try and overthrow Elizabeth and restore Catholicism. Elizabeth remained, however, fascinated by the Scottish Queen. That is not to say that Elizabeth didn't enjoy the company of men. With Francis Walsingham’s help, Elizabeth imprisoned Mary and kept her under constant surveillance for 19 years. In later years Catherine Parr, Henry's sixth wife, took a keen interest in the young Elizabeth and made sure that she was educated to the highest standards. It was a time of extravagance and luxury in which a flourishing popular culture was expressed through writers such as Shakespeare, and explorers like Drake and Raleigh sought to expand England's territory overseas. At last Walsingham had proof of her guilt. Another 2.5 million watched the … Clever, enigmatic and flirtatious, she rewrote the rules of being Queen. BBC, Queen Elizabeth II More from News. Elizabeth was taught the art of public speaking, unheard of for women at the time. Found guilty of treason, Mary was sentenced to death. Overnight, old coins became artifacts, such as this Queen Elizabeth II penny—now more than half a century old. She was nicknamed 'Gloriana' and the 'Virgin Queen' and overcame many challenges at home as well as threats from abroad. Elizabeth, meanwhile, was paralysed by indecision. While you will be able to view the content of this page in your current browser, you will not be able to get the full visual experience. To execute any Queen was a precedent she did not wish to set, for her own sake. Image: Queen Elizabeth I by George Gower (Getty Images). The Scots regarded this with some suspicion and John Knox stirred up anti-Catholic feeling against her. Children would secure the line of succession. In 1558 the Protestant preacher John Knox wrote, 'It is more than a monster in nature that a woman should reign and bear empire over man.' Brendan was warned by the BBC … Agnes Brown, who is played by Brendan, was set to have a storyline involving Queen Elizabeth II but at the last minute, the plot changed. He wanted to impress the Queen... No matter that the entertainment at Kenilworth practically bankrupted him. Her mother was the ill-fated Anne Boleyn who had caught the eye of Henry VIII at court. Local government was inefficient. However, trouble was never far away. Mary was born at Linlithgow Palace in Scotland in 1542, the daughter of James V of Scotland and the French Mary of Guise. Elizabeth I was queen of England and Ireland and her 45 year reign was considered a ‘golden period’ of English history. There was widespread corruption amongst ministers involving the abuse of monopolies and tax evasion. Both her brother and sister died without having children so Elizabeth became Queen. Elizabeth was an instant hit. Ministers often dealt with matters without consulting her, and she became paranoid about the threat of assassination. Mary was tried for treason and executed in 1587. Elizabeth was brought up in the care of governesses and tutors at Hatfield House and spent her days studying Greek and Latin with the Cambridge scholar, Roger Ascham. When Elizabeth was just two years old her mother was beheaded at the Tower of London. The queen was also keen to be seen by her subjects. The Tudor queen was depicted with the snake clasped in her fingers in an original version of the work, but it was replaced with a bunch of roses. This page is best viewed in an up-to-date web browser with style sheets (CSS) enabled. why so many soldiers survived the trenches. No one told the Queen what to do and, using the skills of rhetoric she had been taught, Elizabeth addressed members of Parliament. Despite all these tactics Elizabeth was capable of falling in love, and the one who came closest to winning her heart was Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester. And was her success down to her own skill and judgement - or an intuitive grasp of public relations? Henry, beside himself with disappointment, did not attend the christening. As a high-profile Protestant monarch surrounded by Catholics in Europe, Elizabeth was pressured to marry and produce a Protestant heir, drawing the ire of her Catholic cousin, Mary, Queen of Scots. Elizabeth sent out the impetuous Earl of Essex who only managed to create further difficulties. Mary had grown close to the ruthless Earl of Bothwell and rumour soon spread that Bothwell and Mary had been responsible for the murder, particularly following their hasty marriage a few weeks later. This was clever talk from the Queen. She had a close relationship with Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester, and was not averse to using the promise of marriage for diplomatic purposes, but asserted her independence until the end of her life. Elizabeth made sure that everyone - down to the lowliest beggar - played a part, pausing to listen to congratulations from ordinary people on the street. The main part of Hatfield House, built after the reign of Elizabeth I She became Queen of Scotland aged only six days following the death of her father, and spent her early childhood with her mother in Scotland. She was the daughter of Henry VIII and his second wife, Anne Boleyn. As time passed it became clear to Mary that her husband was, in fact, an arrogant bully with a drinking problem. Mary was immediately taken to stay at Carlisle Castle by one of Elizabeth's ministers but as days turned into weeks, she became suspicious. By Alexandra Briscoe  © Elizabeth I is considered one of the country's most successful and popular monarchs. She recognised how important it was to establish a clear religious framework and between 1559 and 1563 introduced the acts which made up the Church Settlement. Elizabeth was rewarded with loyalty and, enhanced by the glow of nostalgia, her own unique place in history. In March 1566 Darnley and his accomplices burst in on Mary at Holyroodhouse and stabbed Riccio to death. Prince Charles delivers ‘heartfelt’ speech at The Royal Variety show after family reunion. The storyteller is Queen Elizabeth II, and the subject of her tale is Queen Victoria. She did not wish to meet the woman she considered her rival, but knew that if she released Mary her own life would be in danger. Her young son was crowned James VI on 29 July 1567. This page has been archived and is no longer updated. The welfare of the country was her priority, not marriage. 'This I account the glory of my crown, that I have reigned with your loves,' she said in her Golden Speech of 1601. The crown passed to the Protestant King James VI of Scotland who became King James I of England. The dashing Earl of Leicester was something of a showman. She went on 25 regional visits known as ‘progresses’ during her reign, often riding on horseback rather than traveling in a carriage. She wept for days. The Queen is to mark the 75th anniversary of Victory in Europe (V.E.) Stream original BBC programmes FIRST on BBC iPlayer . As the weeks passed, Elizabeth procrastinated. A new era was dawning, the age of Elizabeth I. Prince Philip, Princess Anne, Prince Edward, Queen Elizabeth, Prince Andrew, and Prince Charles in Windsor in 1968, the year filming began on … Elizabeth was clever to encourage this degree of devotion. But Mary was not giving up without a fight. The Tower of London But Elizabeth had other ideas. She relied upon the ministers close to her but would infuriate them with her indecision - 'It maketh me weary of life,' remarked one. Elizabeth died at Richmond Palace on 24 March 1603, and was succeeded by the Protestant James VI of Scotland, the son of her cousin Mary, Queen of Scots. The Virgin Queen is a 2005 BBC and Power co-production, four-part miniseries based upon the life of Queen Elizabeth I, starring Anne-Marie Duff and Tom Hardy as Robert Dudley, 1st Earl of Leicester. But years of work and expense often ended in disappointment when she failed to visit. According to Deadline, Queen Elizabeth recently took in a “private viewing” of The King’s Speech, the historical drama showcasing her late father, King George VI, and his struggles with a speech impediment.She apparently “enjoyed” it and screenwriter David Seidler was thoroughly “humbled” with the news. But there was no announcement, no wedding bells. Houses were even converted into the shape of an 'E' to flatter her. The Queen asserted her virginity throughout her life, but was also an attractive woman who thrived on male attention. The warrant had been taken to Fotheringhay before she was ready. Britain's Queen Elizabeth II addressed the nation Sunday in a rare televised speech and called for unity amid the coronavirus pandemic. But their intimacy alarmed the other ministers. He set out to nail Mary and, in 1586, his moment came. BBC © 2014 The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. Francis Walsingham, one of Elizabeth's most loyal ministers, was acutely aware of this. The celebrations for the Coronation, two months later, were spectacular. The dashing Earl of Leicester was something of a showman. More than that, Elizabeth simply did not wish to be married. Everyone, from court astrologers to Henry himself, was convinced Anne would give birth to a boy. Queen Elizabeth II Prince Andrew BBC Newsnight Royal Family. Mary I had died unpopular with her people and tormented by her own inability to produce an heir. Faced with a dilemma - for example whether or not to sign the execution warrant of Mary Queen of Scots - Elizabeth would busy herself with other matters for months on end. Mary was determined to re-establish Catholicism in England and viewed the Protestant Elizabeth as a direct threat. But by now the Scots had had enough of Mary and, imprisoned at Lochleven Castle, she was forced to abdicate the Scottish throne. It had all happened too quickly. Read more.  © The reign of Elizabeth I is often thought of as a Golden Age. ...as long as Mary Queen of Scots was alive, Elizabeth's life would be in danger. She knew that, in political terms, she needed their support but she also felt a deep sense of responsibility for their welfare. The 1590s proved a difficult decade for Elizabeth. Despite pressure from her advisers, particularly Lord Burghley, Elizabeth always refused to marry and provide an heir. The Queen herself was not as sharp as she once had been. As the UK’s longest reigning monarch, Queen Elizabeth II has seen Britain change dramatically over the years. Protestantism was now firmly established as the country's religion. As Elizabeth walked along the carpet laid out for her journey to Westminster Abbey, the crowds rushed forward to cut out pieces as souvenirs. The wedding was attended by the Queen, the Princess’s grandfather Prince Philip, her father Prince Andrew, and mother Sarah, Duchess of York, Buckingham Palace confirmed to the BBC.. And Mary Queen of Scots made a series of ill-judged decisions which led her to the executioner's block in 1587. The people had enjoyed stable government, and Poor Laws had created a new framework of support for the needy. It was not, however, until she married Lord Darnley in July 1565 that things took a turn for the worse. That was par for the course. Henry, beside himself with disappointment, did not attend the christening. There's even a candid conversation shown between the Queen and then-U.S. President Richard Nixon. Elizabeth the Queen by Alison Weir (Pimlico, 1999), The Virgin Queen by Christopher Hibbert (Viking, 1990), The Word of a Prince by Maria Perry (The Boydell Press, 1990), Elizabeth: Apprenticeship by David Starkey (Chatto and Windus, 2000), Gloriana: The Portraits of Queen Elizabeth I by Roy Strong (Thames and Hudson, 1987), Mary Queen of Scots by Rosalind K Marshall (HMSO, 1991), Tudor England by John Guy, (Oxford University Press, 1988), Elizabethan Essays by Patrick Collinson (Hambledon Press, 1994), Princes, Pastors and People: The Church and Religion in England, 1529 - 1689 by Susan Doran and Christopher Durston (Routledge, 1991), Defeat of the Spanish Armada by Garrett Mattingly (Cape, 1983). For someone who disliked making decisions, this was torture. It took years to prepare for. They had known each other for years, and he was one of the first to be appointed to her Council. But life in Tudor England did not always reflect such splendour. It was Leicester's finest hour. Elizabeth was briefly imprisoned in the Tower of London in 1554 following a failed rebellion, of which she claimed no knowledge. The Queen Elizabeth Hospital in King's Lynn, Norfolk, has made improvements but "more work is needed", a report said Improvements have been … Elizabeth, aged twenty-five, was now Queen of England. Last updated 2011-02-17. Read more. She also feared that Mary's relations in Europe would take revenge on England. If only she could meet her, she thought, Elizabeth would rally to her cause. Elizabeth became queen at the age of 25, but her reign was far from safe. In February 1587 the warrant was finally signed and the execution took place before the Queen could change her mind. Mary I had died unpopular with her people and tormented by her own inability to produce an heir. Queen Elizabeth. 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