great lakes region africa conflict

"The border is not visible on the lake," a Congolese fisherman tells DW. For example, Burundi has received Rwandan and DRC refugees, the DRC has received Rwandan and Burundian refugees, and Rwanda has received Burundian and DRC refugees. They also seem to have failed to establish inclusive political institutions, thus resulting in unequal representation in decision-making and access to land and natural resources. Although the factors that have been identified as root causes of conflicts are important and tap into broader processes generally recognised in conflict literature to be conflict-generating, others factors such as extreme poverty, climate change and historical and colonial legacy would also be major sources of conflict in the Great Lakes Region. Some observers have been pushing for an out of court settlement — however, the recent discovery of oil beneath the lake has only complicated matters further. This conflict can be traced back to the colonial era. More than two million Hutus and Tutsis are located across the boundaries of Rwanda and Burundi in neighbouring states. The first type of conflict is when two or more states engage in an open conflict over the exploitation of natural resources that are present along common borders. Privacy Policy | This analysis summarizes and reflects on the following research: Kasherwa, A. C. (2019). IRIN (2016) ‘Uganda Feels the Strain of the Burundi Crisis’, Available at: . 3 Tshiband, SAN (2008) Transnational Actors and the Conflicts in The Great Lakes Region of Africa, unpublished MA thesis, Department of Politics and International Relations, Lancaster University, p.10. Scholars have identified the Great Lakes Region as consisting of not only the DRC, Uganda, Burundi, Rwanda, Kenya and Tanzania, but also including South Sudan, Somalia, Sudan, Angola, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Zambia, Malawi, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Central African Republic (CAR) and Republic of Congo 3 – all of which share the ravages and fallout of these intractable conflicts. Send us a text at +49-160-9575 9510. International SMS charges apply. As all these refugees fled conflicts with a strong ethnic background, it was very easy to see how these conflicts spread into the host countries, since there are similar ethnic groups and dynamics across borders. In early July, Ugandan soldiers fired on Congolese fishermen on Lake Edward, following alleged clashes with the Congolese army. made a much greater effort to protect their borders, and their renewed commitment to address trans-border and spillover conflict issues constitute an important window of opportunity. The Great Lake Region consists of countries in east and central Africa (Rwanda, Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, and Uganda), forming a complex network of political and economic interactions with implications for peace issues, security and governance. Two-thirds of the world's conflicts are in Africa. Chaos and violent upheavals have left in their path a deadly trail of destruction and blood shed. The instability in the eastern DRC then gave Burundian armed groups the opportunity and a rear base to attack their country. While the name ‘Great Lakes Region’ was derived from the freshwater lakes and river basins within the central and eastern part of Africa,1 for the purposes of this article the Great Lakes Region is defined within the context of the regional entity known as the International Conference of the Great Lakes Region (ICGLR).2 In the ICGLR context, the area of focus is therefore the countries located in the east and central Africa – namely Rwanda, Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Uganda, Tanzania, Zambia, Republic of Congo, Central African Republic (CAR), South Sudan, Kenya and Sudan.3 Thus, the Great Lakes Region constitutes a complex network of political and economic interactions with significant implications for peace, security and governance. Rather, the purpose here is to provide an overview of the root causes of conflicts in Great Lakes Region countries, their maintenance factors, their interconnectivity and their consequences on people. In early July, Ugandan soldiers fired on Congolese fishermen on Lake Edward, following alleged clashes with the Congolese army.13 of them were killed and 92 more arrested, according to reports from the DRC side of the border. Chaos and violent upheavals have left in their path a deadly trail of destruction and blood shed. The post-independence history of some of the countries of the Great Lakes Region has been marked by conflicts. This analysis summarizes and reflects on the following research: Kasherwa, A. C. (2019). The African Great Lakes region is one of marked contrasts and striking continuities. The current sociopolitical dynamics show that generally, political leaders in the Great Lakes Region have noticed that the application of universal democracy was passively correlated to violence and conflicts. Driven by genocide, civil war, political instabilities, ethnic and pastoral hostilities, the African Great Lakes Region, primarily Uganda, Rwanda, Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Burundi, has been overwhelmingly defined by conflict. The African Great Lakes are a group of lakes located around the Great Rift Valley in the Great Lakes Region of Africa. This chapter probes the roots and dynamics of ethnic conflicts in the Great Lakes Region of East Africa by focusing on three case studies: Kenya, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Rwanda. Regional Bureau for East And Horn of Africa, and the Great Lakes Region - Refugees, Asylum-Seekers, Refugee Returnees and IDPs (as of 31 November 2020) Of some of the constitution through a referendum fish stocks which were being threatened by overfishing to recover discovery. Thomas de Saint Maurice for the French edition of this book Rwanda and the host countries also caused damage... 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