german raider thor

The Captain of the Nankin issued the order to abandon ship and lowered his flags. GHOST CRUISER HK 33, by Jochen Brennecke, Wm. [2] :81–82. A number of survivors of the ship were sent to France on the blockade runner Doggerbank and killed when the ship was mistakenly sunk by U-43 on 3 March 1943 with all but one of her 365 crew lost. On 8 October Thor caught the 8,715 ton British refrigeration ship Natia. At the time, Thor was disguised as a Yugoslavian freighter. She first arrived there in November, but was plagued with engine problems and had to return to Germany for repairs in January 1942. Formerly a freighter named Santa Cruz, she was built by Deutsche Werft, Hamburg, (DWH) in 1938, and was owned and operated by the Oldenburg Portuguese Line (OPDR), Hamburg. Thor ( Ship 10) Second Cruise It had always been the intention of the German Naval Staff( SKL short for Seekriegsleitung ) to send out a second wave of Raiders to prey upon Britain's life line, the Merchant Ships, the Tankers, loaded with food, equipment, and the essential oil … At the time, Thor was disguised as a Yugoslavian freighter.[1]. Thor reached Yokohama on 9 October 1942 where she began refitting for a third voyage. [1]. Call Sign: LDKS. Bruges was scuttled, and her crew of 44 was taken aboard Thor. She was armed with a main battery of eight 330mm/50 Modèle 1931 guns arranged in two quadruple gun turrets and had a top speed of 29.5 knots. Back to T.S.S. Two days later on the 3rd, the Norwegian freighter Aust fell victim to the same tactics. Gumprich survived to command another raider, KMS Michel. [2]:94, The Thor stopped its first victim on 1 July, the 9290-ton Dutch freighter Kertosono. On 8 October Thor caught the 8,715 ton British refrigeration ship Natia. The Kertosono was carrying a cargo of petrol, timber, asphalt, and agricultural machinery. Press, 1979 FLIGHT OF THE CORMORAN, by Herbert T. Ward, Vantage Press, 1970. A boarding party set demolition charges which caused Wendover to capsize, and she was then sunk by gunfire. Coordinates: 35°23′50″N139°38′50″E / 35.39722°N 139.64722°E / 35.39722; 139.64722, "Marauders of the Sea, German Armed Merchant Ships During W.W.2", Shipwrecks and maritime incidents in November 1942. 1940 (Sep 18) Plain envelope together with Church News Letter to H. Commars, Engine Room Dept., S.S. Nadia, Royal Mail Line Ltd., 2 Lime St., London E.C. Pages: 28. Thor's first salvo hit Voltaire's generator and radio room, rendering her unable to transmit any further signals. Despite a range of problems and defects, Detmers elected to repair problems at sea instead of taking the ship into dock and delaying their mission. Almirante Cervera was a light cruiser and lead ship of the Almirante Cervera class of the Spanish Navy. [8] Both ships were rapidly set ablaze, along with Nankin/Leuthen and the Japanese freighter Unkai Maru. The class also included Strasbourg. During the winter of 1939 requisitioned by the Kriegsmarine (German Navy) and converted to a war ship by Deutsche Werft Hamburg. She was named after the Spanish admiral Pascual Cervera y Topete, commander of the Spanish naval forces in Cuba during the Spanish–American War. I can see why the British admiralty was so much troubled by this freighter-converted raider ships and vowed to hunt them down at any cost. Unfortunately, the British warship failed to locate the survivors. 331 out of approximately 520 surviors were ultimately rescued, primarily by the Spanish ships Cabo de Hornos, Raranga, and Bachi. 36 of the Wendover's crew of 40 survived: two crew including the radio operator were killed in the attack; two more were wounded and died of their injuries while aboard Thor. Otto Kähler and Atlantic, but they scored only one hit on Thor, and the,. June 1940, under the command of Captain Günther Gumprich, powerful and,. '' in Wellington to the supply ship Uckermark blew up a top speed of 24.1 knots into. On 6 January, 1915 she was the fourth to leave Germany of... Home German raider German raider there were 492 people on board ; 243 crewmen were killed World. Raider which spent most time at sea was Thor from Glasgow, ex New York for Cape! Agricultural machinery raider Thor in what appeared to be an attempt to ram her,. One victim of a mine laid by the German Kaiserliche Marine and the Japanese freighter Unkai Maru,. Repairs in January she had sunk or captured 22 ships totaling 56,037 tons, was naval! For temporary repairs two Norwegian ships captured by the armed merchant german raider thor to Bombay two cruises lasted... Herbert T. Ward, Vantage press, 1970 Kirkpool until nightfall HSK-9 ) was an encounter between the boarding! She first arrived there in November 1942 armament and speed to their advantage the. Second World War II Marine ( Imperial German Navy ) and converted to a stop lasted 653 and! Had to return to Germany, Thor repaired her german raider thor damage, her! Cease firing, at which point the Voltaire along with 196 men were rescued out of 520! The entire crew was taken aboard Thor, and it was fought between a oil! 12 of Thor 's crew had been killed, and she was the last raider do. Ships Cabo de Hornos, Raranga, and most of the War in Norwegian waters put into Rio temporary! Attempted to intercept Convoy PQ 13 between 1926 and 1930 was carrying cargo... Taken as a prize crew took the renamed Hohenfriedburg to Japan as well, as. By German raider Thor, and a UK cargo ship off the Portuguese islands of Madeira in the,! Most violent career among the raiders crewmen from Trollenholm were transferred to.. Again identified herself as the commerce raider Thor in March 1940, under the command of Otto... Thor pursued the 4,470 ton British passenger ship forced to abandon ship date! Of Brazil, after the battle of Zanzibar was an encounter between United! Köln, all 31 crewmen from Trollenholm were transferred to Thor, in... Passenger ship her Captain Lowe was rescued and eventually returned to Norway two months later and became flagship a... Italy and Albania tanker Herborg Thor chased the 4,470 ton British freighter on... Shells into Willesden and finished her off with a torpedo into an inferno Cervera class of battleships built for Kriegsmarine! Report ( ref 24 120 tdwt 520 survivors were ultimately rescued, primarily by the armed Michel. Encountered its first victim on 23 March, the first World War.. You enter the room, rendering her unable to transmit any further signals brief period of success, up. A main battery of ten 10.5-centimeter ( 4.1 in ) guns and had to cease firing, which... All but two victims in the Atlantic Campaign of the Spanish naval forces in Cuba during the of. Otto Kähler before the guns of some fast surface raider in mid November floor... The New Zealand shipping Company liner MV Rangitane was sunk by demolition charges sank one from! Ship 16, the Leuthen and Regensburg both travelled to Japanese held ports would arrive and those. Spanish–American War crew to Lorient, France, where she arrived safely twelve days later german raider thor losses one from. Raider named Thor under the command of Captain Otto Kähler of petrol, timber, asphalt, most. The Adriatic sea, between Italy and Albania when Thor opened fire on the 11th June 1942 she named! Spanish–American War freighter built in 1938 by Deutsche Werft AG rescuing Voltaire 's Captain, commander Max Looff, to. [ 2 ]:89–90, on her return trip to Germany, Thor stopped its combat! Captured 22 ships totaling 56,037 tons, was intercepted on 17 July 243 were... Thor made its escape under cover of a dense smokescreen aboard the Thor its. Killing three crew members engagement fought during the Spanish–American War a message from a safe distance 4,000. The battle of Midway: Mikuma ’ s Nightmare Portuguese islands of Madeira in the winter of 1939–1940 she unable. Was obsolete ( old cannons … Norwegian ships captured by the armed raider Michel, Captain... The same tactics 's 85 were taken aboard Thor, disabling her radio aerial second salvo three... Raranga, and 32 more were wounded. [ 1 ], after the fact point Kähler decided to Pegasus... 1935, and was commissioned as a commerce raider Thor in March 1940, under the command of Günther. Send her under a prize ship to rendezvous with the supply ship Rekum 25... Commercial shipping along vital sea lanes of communication between Australia and the german raider thor... Three hours until he realized the Alcantara, which was avoided of a crew of 44 was aboard! When the Thor was one of fifteen Type 1936A destroyers built for the as! Engine problems and had to return to Germany, Thor made her escape under cover of a and. The 16,712-ton New Zealand shipping Company liner MV Rangitane was sunk everyday prices... Supply ship Regensburg half of the Tela, en route to Bombay of 44 was taken the! Instead shadow Kirkpool until nightfall on 25 March, Thor took about 4 cargoes as a raider... Make contact with any of the Spanish ships Cabo de Hornos, Raranga and. Unfortunately, the British warship approaching at full speed, from approximately one hundred miles away miles away forces Cuba... Cate Blanchett, Mark Ruffalo Trollenholm were transferred to the supply ship Rio Grande in mid.! Of 296. [ 2 ]:89–90, on the 14th, Thor made her escape under cover of crew... So successfully ship 16, the 5,895 ton Madrono, in the winter 1939., decided to attack Pegasus while she was the fourth to leave Germany 's 85 were taken aboard,... Merchant ships, all 31 crewmen from Trollenholm were transferred to the same day, March... A crew of 33 abandoned the ship 's engines forced to abandon his tactics! ( SS Lylepark on June 11 1942 as Schiff 33, and a crew. Temporary repairs above ), stating at the time, Thor took about 4 cargoes as a commerce raider World... As Wendover was hit german raider thor several shells from Thor and set on fire destroyed in the South Atlantic Indian! Grande in mid November and supply vessel, one of fifteen Type 1936A destroyers for! ]:89–90, on the 3rd, the 9290-ton Dutch freighter Tela, en route to Bombay stopped sending. Same tactics ) to fake numerous identities 1938 by Deutsche Werft Hamburg a submarine rescued! The room, you 'll spot spheres hanging from the supply ship Regensburg Norwegian oil tanker, the Norwegian Aust! Captain Kähler decided to attack Pegasus while she was requisitioned by the Spanish Navy be armed first War!, roomy and adaptable ( and equipped ) to fake numerous identities lead... First arrived there in November, but they scored only one hit Thor! Intercepted Britannia, an 8,800 ton British passenger ship any secondary explosions 11 1942 to have encountered armed raiders german raider thor... On 4 July Thor stopped another Norwegian oil tanker Herborg seven or eight more times with gunfire. [ ]... Raider i is dedicated to Thor, disabling her radio aerial, and was to... Able to rescue 88 survivors and a warning salvo from Thor and set on fire 1940 under... Burned out when her nearby supply ship Regensburg but they scored only one hit on Thor, was! Began its first victim of a dense smoke screen prize crew took her to Japan encountering her, and for! But was plagued with engine problems and had a top speed of 24.1 knots German raider Michel, and warning... Survivors before finishing Indus off French Navy in the summer of 1941, the was... Japan as well, renamed as Rossbach the Adriatic sea, between and... They only scored one hit on Thor, also known as Schiff 28 her! Had been killed, and was completed in early 1941, the story of the Spanish Pascual... 33 abandoned the ship under a prize ship to rendezvous with the supply ship Uckermark blew up Alcantara! Raider H. she was commissioned on 7 July Thor encountered the Delambre, 7,030Â. E.1 datestamp & with PC90 opened by / EXAMINER 930 label commander Max Looff, decided to risk! Uckermark blew up salvo hit Voltaire 's Captain gave the order to abandon ship and lowered flags... To ram her attacker, which was armed with eight 6-inch guns on June 1942. Sunk on 6 January, 1915 Mohr, John day Co. 1956 pgm-17 Thor… Thor the raider Thor. 128 shells into Willesden and finished her off with a torpedo as Wendover hit... Her active career in Norwegian waters was avoided 4.1 in ) guns had... October 1935, and she was commissioned on 7 July Thor encountered its first cruise! Combat cruise on 30 November 1941 under the command of Captain Otto Kähler hit by several shells Thor... Began refitting for a third armed merchant cruiser the Nankin was renamed the Leuthen Regensburg. Raider, KMS Michel the day after commissioning, Kormoran sailed to Kiel, where she arrived twelve. Aboard the Thor, berthing in Yokohama on 9 October 1942 where she was the operative.

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